24 Dec 2015

How to enhance local community by showing them an example of waste’s transformation into assets

Project: Side Effect

Location: Bat Yam, Israel

Year: 2010

Size (sq m): 2000

Budget: 73 680 Euros

Team: Amir Lotan, Landscape architect

Initiator: Bat-Yam Municipality – Bat-Yam Biennale of Landscape Urbanism 2010

Context of the city

The site is located at the fault line between the city’s residential and industrial areas, in what can be called an “intermediate” zone. It is a “margin” in many ways; it is a dense residential area apart from the city’s main arteries and a home to many abandoned buildings. As a result, it reveals a dilapidated urban tissue.


Context of the neighbourhood

The site is bordered by industry buildings, residences and public facilities including a high school, a religious school and a few small stores. There’s a net of public facilities though at the same time local community lack spaces for outdoor gatherings.


The site before the intervention

The abandoned building skeleton was used as a dumping ground by the surrounding residents and business owners, filled with refuse material and constructional debris.


The building skeleton at the site was the basis of the work. The physical level of scarcity is lack of building materials and financial resources. However, there is a will of community and municipality to improve every day life by using vacant lot and it’s assets.


Goal: Give another identity to the existing site


  • Convert existing dump yard into green space – informal extension of a school yard and a gathering place for local people
  • Use constructional debris found on site as a building material



Goal: Improve the life of the neighbourhood


  • Open up the building in order to connect it with the surroundings
  • Plant vegetation as a contrary to the barren area
  • Install the sprinklers in order to mist the air during hot days
  • Host various performances and events that emphasise an open definition of the space


Goal: Accept area’s natural aesthetics


  • Deconstruct the urban landscape into elements that created it
  • Use invasive plants that are found and can easily grow on site

4 feat

Goal: Create a bridge between industrial and residential zones

Method:  Leave the industrial appearance of the building, but create a garden in it as a feature of residential neighbourhood