27 Oct 2015

How to deconstruct a widespread vernacular typology and reassemble its components into a contemporary dwelling.

Author: Patricia Tsunoushi, Winnie Westerlund

Vernacular housing typology

Developing new typological variations

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This project explores the housing typology of the Chercea neighbourhoood in Braila – a typology commonly found in more than 50% of housing areas in the city and widespread throughout Romania. At the larger scale, it examines the dwelling’s relationship to regulations, social, economic and physical contexts. At the house scale it tries to understand the elements which make up the typology and their relationship. At the human scale it explores how the houses are inhabited and evolved throughout time – particularly the shift from a primarily a communist period that saw the houses used primarily for living with minor both the the dwellings of people that passed through times of dictatorship and the social and economical reforms that happened since then.

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Housing typology covers more than 50% of the city’s built-up area

  • What can we learn from this neighbourhood and its strategies to overcome scarcity conditions?
  • Why is a district that looks dysfunctional from a top down perspective seemingly well working when you come to the home of people?
  • And, how is this structure working – what are the regulations, built components and socio-economic structures that define its DNA?

The project is divided into two parts. The first part of the project is a larger study that aims to dissect and articulate the basic structure of the existing housing typology. The second part concerns itself with developing new typological variations based on the core structure uncovered in part one.

These new variations form an alternative housing proposal to address the municipality’s need to house a small number of the city’s population.


1.1 LOT VARIATIONlot-variations


1.1. LOT VARIATION-DENSITY

LOT VARIATION-DENSITY


1.2 BUILDING REGULATIONS SINCE 2000

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2.1 BUILT VOLUMES ON LOT

BUILT VOLUMES ON LOT-08


3.1 BUILDING MASS: ROOF, FENCE, YARD


RETHINKING MUNICIPALITY COMISSION

WHAT
A new housing area in the north Chercea area built on the same parcel structure for residents who wish to establish a shared living, as (young) families or who wish to establish a workspace or public facility.

WHY
The new development initiates a younger generation to stay or establish as residents in Chercea. The architectural proposition provides a basic structure that can be developed and expanded by its residents.

WHO
YOUTH FAMILY: 2 adults + 1 child, 2 bedrooms, Living room, Kitchen, Bathroom
SHARED LIVING: 2 – 3 young adults/students, 2 bedrooms, Living room, Kitchen, Bathroom
3 GENERATION FAMILY: 4 adults (grandparents +parents) + 2 children, 3 – 4 bedrooms, Living room, Kitchen, 2 bathrooms
WORKSPACE / PUBLIC PROGRAM: Office, Meeting room, Kitchen, Bathroom

TESTING

TESTING

PRINCIPLE

The idea is to provide the basic structure for the residents, allowing future expansions according to their needs.

BASIC STRUCTURE

BASIC STRUCTURE

POSSIBILITY OF EXPANSION

POSSIBILITY OF EXPANSION

Thanks to Mia’s family, Croitoru family, Bogdan family, Kemtia family, Alina and Ana’s family and all the great people we had a pleasure to met during the days in Braila.